• Yuharika Pratiwi Departemen Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Abdurrab
  • Sabrina Hayati Departemen Biokimia, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Abdurrab
  • Siska Andriani Rukman Departemen Kesehatan Masyarakat, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Abdurrab


lactic acid, low back pain, taxi driver


Low back pain (LBP) is an uncomfortable sensation in the form of acute pain in the fifth lumbar vertebra and first sacrum (L5-S1). Half of the workers have complained of LBP, with a prevalence of LBP of 60-80%. Driving a vehicle can cause the back muscles to contract excessively, producing insufficient oxygen to support ATP production. The muscles then switch to anaerobic metabolism with the end product, lactic acid. The accumulated lactic acid then stimulates the nociceptors causing LBP. The existence of a daily achievement target system also causes drivers to insist on being able to complete many trips in one day, so drivers often ignore rest and working hours. Objective: The relationship between lactic acid levels and the incidence of low back pain in taxi drivers X Pekanbaru. This study used an observational analytic method, a cross-sectional, with the sampling technique used was total sampling, tested statistically using fisher exact. There is a relationship between lactic acid levels and the incidence of low back pain in taxi drivers X Pekanbaru (p-value = 0.000).Lactic acid levels are associated with low back pain in taxi drivers X Pekanbaru


P. I. Lestari, S. Soesanto, and Y. Wijayanti, "The Effect of Habitus and Work Attitude on Low Back Pain Complaints of Manual Handling Workers or Porters in Benjaran Market Tegal," Public Health Perspective Journal, vol. 6, no. 2, 2021.

M. E. Wanamo and S. W. A. A. B. Aschalew, "Prevalence and risk factors for low back pain (LBP) among Taxi Drivers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: A community based cross-sectional study," Ethiopian Journal of Health Development, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 244-250, 2017.

A. A. Rufa’i et al., "Prevalence and Risk Factors for Low Back Pain Among Professional Drivers in Kano, Nigeria," Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 251-255, 2015/09/03 2015.

J.-C. Chen, W.-R. Chang, W. Chang, and D. Christiani, "Occupational factors associated with low back pain in urban taxi drivers," Occupational Medicine, vol. 55, no. 7, pp. 535-540, 2005.

J. K. Freburger et al., "The rising prevalence of chronic low back pain," (in eng), no. 1538-3679 (Electronic).

Y. Pratiwi, A. Waren, and R. Akbar, "Hubungan Lama Bekerja dan IMT dengan Low Back Pain Pada Pengemudi Taksi X Pekanbaru," Jambi Medical Journal vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 135-140, 2020.

R. Haristniani and R. Marten, "Correlation Between Work Duration and Driver Sitting Position with Low Back Pain of The Drivers at Malengkeri Station Makassar," Journal Islamic Nursing, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 114-120, 2020.

S. Al-Dubai, A. Qureshi, I. Noor hassim, and K. G. Rampal, "Prevalence and determinants of low back pain among taxi drivers in Malaysia. A cross sectional study," Journal of Advanced Medical Research, vol. 2, pp. 129-143, 01/01 2013.

S. D. Firmanita, I. Rosdiana, and U. D. Indrayani, "The Correlation between Duration of Employment, Body Posture and Smoking Habit on Low Back Pain Incidence An Analytic Observational Study Among Taxi Driver in Semarang Municipality," Sains Medika: Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 17-20, 2015.

I. Hidayah, "Peningkatan Kadar Asam Laktat Dalam Darah Sesudah Bekerja," The Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 131-141, 12/28 2018.

E. J. Fitrianto and S. Maarif, "Pengaruh Active Recovery Terhadap Kadar Asam Laktat Pada Mahasiswa Program Studi Ilmu Keolahragaan Universitas Negeri Jakarta," JSCE: Jurnal Ilmiah Sport Coaching and education, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 32-36, 2020.

L. D. Arwinno, "Keluhan Nyeri Punggung Bawah pada Penjahit Garmen," HIGEIA, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 406-416, 2018.

R. Wulandari and R. R. Wardhani, "Identifikasi low back pain dan kadar asam laktat pada komunitas ojek online di Yogyakarta," Intisari Sains Medika, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 1500-1503, 2020.

T. H. Mekonnen, "Work-Related Factors Associated with Low Back Pain Among Nurse Professionals in East and West Wollega Zones, Western Ethiopia, 2017: A Cross-Sectional Study," (in eng), Pain and Therapy, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 239-247, 2019.

M. Wang et al., "Low back pain among taxi drivers: a cross-sectional study," Occupational Medicine, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 290-295, 2017.

M. Sangaji, K. Saalu, S. Sillehu, M. Umasugi, J. Hursepuny, and T. Utami, "Musculoskeletal Disorders Complaints by Part Body Fishermen Village Labuang Namrole South Buru District," Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, vol. 14, pp. 2598-2602, 06/20 2020.

N. Sari, T. Mogi, and E. Angliadi, "Hubungan Lama Duduk Dengan Kejadian Low Back Pain pada Operator Komputer Perusahaan Travel di Manado," e-CliniC, vol. 3, 05/11 2015.

R. Murray and W. L. KEnney, A. N. Tocco, K. Maurer, B. Rego, and J. Feeney, Eds. Practical Guide to Exercise Physiology. Champaign, USA: Human Kinetics, 2015, p. 208.

G. Pang, J. Xie, Q. Chen, and Z. Hu, "Energy intake, metabolic homeostasis, and human health," Food Science and Human Wellness, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 89-103, 2014/09/01/ 2014.

M. Nanang, N. Fuad, R. Didik, S. Topo, and J. Panuwun, "Effect of Alkaline Fluids to Blood pH and Lactic Acid Changes on Sub Maximal Physical Exercise," IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, vol. 197, no. 1, p. 012049, 2018/10/01 2018.

M. R. Mota et al., "Effect of self-paced active recovery and passive recovery on blood lactate removal following a 200 m freestyle swimming trial," (in eng), Open access journal of sports medicine, vol. 8, pp. 155-160, 2017.

F. Mallapiang, S. As'ad, S. S. Russeng, A. A. Nurdin, and B. Bahar, "Effectiveness of Ajwa Date (Phoenix dactylifera) on Blod Lactate Recovery in Rats (Rattusnorvegicus) with Induced Physical Activity," International Journal of Sciences Basic and Applied Research (IJSBAR), vol. 27, no. 7, pp. 134-142, 2015.

M. Kellmann, M. Pelka, and J. Beckmann, "Psychological relaxation techniques to enhance recovery in sports," in Sport, Recovery, and Performance, M. Kellmann and J. Beckmann, Eds. 1st Edition ed. Routledge: Taylor & Francis Group, 2017, p. 13.

H. Y. S. S. Griwijoyo and D. Z. Sidik, Ilmu Faal Olahraga (Fisiologi Olahraga): Fungsi Tubuh Manusia pada Olahraga untuk Kesehatan dan Prestasi. Bandung: PT. Remaja Rosdakarya, 2013.

A. Zebrowska, R. Trybulski, R. Roczniok, and W. Marcol, "Effect of Physical Methods of Lymphatic Drainage on Postexercise Recovery of Mixed Martial Arts Athletes," Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine, vol. 29, no. 1, 2019.

B. Strasser and M. Burtscher, "Survival of the fittest: VO2max, a key predictor of longevity?," FBL, vol. 23, no. 8, pp. 1505-1516, 2018-03-01 2018.

W. Monica Septinia, A. Ahmad, and A. Olivia, "The Relationship Between Detraining during the Covid-19 Pandemic and the Endurance Ability of Vo2max Karate Athletes, State University of Malang," in Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Sport Science and Health (ICSSH 2021), 2022, pp. 129-132: Atlantis Press.

J. D. Rabinowitz and S. Enerbäck, "Lactate: the ugly duckling of energy metabolism," (in eng), Nature metabolism, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 566-571, 2020.

A. B. Iza and J. E. Pratama, "Profil Terapi Myalgia Pada Pasien Rawat Jalan di Puskesmas Wonokerto Kec. Bantur Kab. Malang," Diploma, Farmasi, Akademi Farmasi Putra Indonesia Malang, Malang, 2020.

N. G. Kowlgi and L. Chhabra, "D-lactic acidosis: an underrecognized complication of short bowel syndrome," (in eng), Gastroenterology research and practice, vol. 2015, pp. 476215-476215, 2015.

C.-C. Yang, K.-S. Chan, K.-L. Tseng, and S.-F. Weng, "Prognosis of alcohol-associated lactic acidosis in critically ill patients: an 8-year study," (in eng), Scientific reports, vol. 6, pp. 35368-35368, 2016.

C. Lazzeri, S. Valente, M. Chiostri, and G. F. Gensini, "Clinical significance of lactate in acute cardiac patients," (in eng), World journal of cardiology, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 483-489, 2015.