• Istianah Surury Doctoral Program, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia &3Department of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta
  • Mondastri Korib Sudaryo Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Indonesia


One of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) targets is to end the AIDS epidemic with Three Zeros; no new cases of HIV/AIDS, no deaths from HIV/AIDS, and no stigma and discrimination toward people living with HIV (PLHIV). This study aims to identify factors associated with stigma in PLHIV in urban areas. A cross-sectional study was conducted during September – October 2022 on 204 urban residents in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi who were over 18 years old to measure stigma toward PLHIV, gender, age, education level, marital status, health profession, and knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Data were analyzed descriptively, and analytically with bivariate and multivariate analysis using multiple logistic regression. It was found that 90.5% of the subjects had a stigma toward PLHIV. The results of the multivariate analysis found that gender [adjusted OR: 2.850, (95% CI: 0.936 – 8.675)] and health professions [adjusted OR: 4.126, (95% CI: 1.516 – 11.225) were significantly associated with stigma toward PLHIV. Meanwhile, age, education level, marital status, and level of knowledge were not significantly associated with stigma toward PLHIV. Specific interventions are needed for urban women and non-health workers to reduce the stigma toward PLHIV.


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