• Abdurrahman Hamid Nursing Departmen, Universitas Hang tuah Pekanbaru
  • Eka Wisanti Nursing Departmen, Universitas Hang tuah Pekanbaru
  • Awaliyah Ulfah Ayudytha Ezdha Nursing Program, STIKes Pekanbaru Medical Center Pekanbaru


Long covid is a term used to describe an illness experienced by survivors of Covid-19 where they still feel the long-term effects of the Coronavirus much longer than expected. long covid symptoms are easy fatigue, shortness of breath, sore throat, cough, chest pain, joints, difficulty concentrating and problems with memory or brain fog, insomnia. Fatigue is the most common symptom experienced by elderly survivors of covid 19 after fever and shortness of breath which occurs in 30% of all elderly survivors of covid 19. The purpose of this research is to determine the level of fatigue of elderly survivors of covid 19 which will be associated with characteristics including the level of symptoms experienced. felt by the elderly. The methodology used is simple and descriptive so that it can see the level of fatigue of the elderly survivors of Covid 19 in the city of Pekanbaru. The sample used was 40 elderly people at least 14 days after Covid 19 and showed negative test results. The results of this study were no fatigue for 6 people (15%), mild fatigue for 22 people (55%), moderate fatigue for 10 people (25%), and very fatigue for 2 people (5%). It is hoped that health workers who treat COVID-19 patients, especially the elderly, can anticipate the impact, especially fatigue, by conducting an assessment after completing isolation so that later they can carry out appropriate nursing interventions.


Wahyono, E. (Januari 2021). Tambah 12.568, kasus Corona di RI per Januari jadi 939.948. Detiknews. Diunduh dari

Brooks, S. K., Webster, R. K., Smith, L. E., Woodland, L., Wessely, S., Greenberg, N., & Rubin, G. J. (2020). The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: Rapid review of the evidence. Rapid review, 395(10227), 912-920. Diunduh dari PIIS0140-6736(20)30460-8/fulltext

Qiu, J., Shen, B., Zhao, M., Wang, Z., Xie, B., & Xu, Y. (2020). A nationwide survey of psychological distress among Chinese people in the Covid-19 epidemic: Implications and policy recommendations. General psychiatry, 33, 1-3. doi: 10.1136/gpsych-2020-100213

Jacobs, J. J. L. (2021). Persistent SARS-2 infections contribute to long covid-19. Medical hypotheses, 149, 1-2. doi:

Burhan, E., Dwi Susanto, A., Isbaniah, F., Aman Nasution, S., Ginanjar, E., Wicaksono Pitoyo, C., Susilo, A., Firdaus, I., Santoso, A., Arifa Juzar, D., Kamsul Arif, S., Lolong Wulung, N. G., Muchtar, F., Pulungan, A. B., Ambara Sjakti, H., Prawira, Y., Dwi Putri TIM PENYUSUN Erlina Burhan, N., Adityaningsih, D., Fahrial Syam, A., … Mayung Sambo, C. (2020). PEDOMAN TATALAKSANA COVID-19 Edisi 3 TIM EDITOR Perhimpunan Dokter Paru Indonesia (PDPI) Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Kardiovaskular Indonesia (PERKI) Perhimpunan Dokter Spesialis Penyakit Dalam Indonesia (PAPDI) Perhimpunan Dokter Anestesiologi dan Terap. Pedoman Tatalaksana COVID-19 5OP Edisi 3 2020.pdf

CDC. (2020). Interim Guidelines for Clinical Specimens for COVID-19 | CDC. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Shereen, M. A., Khan, S., Kazmi, A., Bashir, N., & Siddique, R. (2020). COVID-19 infection: Origin, transmission, and characteristics of human coronaviruses. In Journal of Advanced Research (Vol. 24, pp. 91–98). Elsevier B.V. 05

Guo, Y. R., Cao, Q. D., Hong, Z. S., Tan, Y. Y., Chen, S. D., Jin, H. J., Tan, K. Sen, Wang, D. Y., & Yan, Y. (2020). The origin, transmission and clinical therapies on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak- A n update on the status. In Military Medical Research (Vol. 7, Issue 1, p. 11). BioMed Central Ltd. 00240-0

Wang, X., Guo, X., Xin, Q., Pan, Y., Hu, Y., Li, J., Chu, Y., Feng, Y., & Wang, Q. (2020). Neutralizing Antibody Responses to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Inpatients and Convalescent Patients. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 71(10), 2688–2694.

Kurniawan, Y., & Susilo, M. N. I. B. (2021). Bangkit pascainfeksi: Dinamika resiliensi pada penyintas Covid-19. Philanthropy journal of psychology, 5(1), 131-156. doi:

Amalia, intan Nurulfa. (2019). Hubungan antara kualitas tidur dengan kelelahan pada lansia. Universitas Diponegoro: Semarang.

Sherwood, Laurel.(2018). Human Physiology: From Cells to Systems. New York: Elsevier.

Shahriari M., Dehghan M., Pahlavanzadeh S., Hazini A. Effects of progressive muscle relaxation, guided imagery and deep diaphragmatic breathing on quality of life in elderly with breast or prostate cancer. Journal of Education and Health Promotion. 2017;6:p. 1. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_147_14.

Nasiri S., Akbari H., Tagharrobi L., Tabatabaee A. S. The effect of progressive muscle relaxation and guided imagery on stress, anxiety, and depression of pregnant women referred to health centers. Journal of Education and Health Promotion. 2018;7:p. 41. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_158_16.

Supariasa, I. D. N., Bakri, B., & Fajar, I. (2012). Penilaian Status Gizi (Edisi Revisi). Jakarta, Indonesia: Penerbit Buku Kedokteran EGC (Buku).

Kemenkes RI. (2016). PMK No. 25 tentang Rencana Aksi Nasional Kesehatan Lanjut Usia Tahun 2016-2019. Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Jakarta, Indonesia (Penulisan peraturan)

Farhana, Fadilah. 2022. Gambaran Gejala Kelelahan pada penyintas coronavirus Disease 2019 di Kota Makasar. Skripsi. Tidak dipublikasikan