THE DESCRIPTION OF COVID-19 BOOSTER VACCINATION ACCEPTANCE BASED ON HEALTH BELIEF MODEL THEORY IN THE COMMUNITY AT SIDOMULYO HEALTH CENTER PEKANBARU CITY
Keywords:Acceptance, booster, COVID-19, health belief model, vaccination
Pekanbaru City occupies the highest number of COVID-19 cases of all 12 regencies/cities in Riau Province, namely 63,119 cases with 1,375 deaths (CFR 2.18%) as of April 18, 2022. The number of COVID-19 cases reported in Tampan District amounted to 650 cases. so it is categorized as a COVID-19 red zone in Pekanbaru City. The Indonesian government has made various efforts to break the chain of transmission of COVID-19, including the COVID-19 Vaccination Program. The data on COVID-19 vaccinations in the work area of the Sidomulyo Health Center Inpatient Pekanbaru City until March 2022, namely dose 1 as much as 8,046, dose 2 as much as 7,091, and dose 3 as much as 195. Factors influencing the COVID-19 Booster Vaccination acceptance based on Health Belief Model Theory include perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers. The purpose of this study was to determine the description of the COVID-19 Booster Vaccination acceptance based on the Health Belief Model theory in the community in the working area of the Sidomulyo Health Center in Pekanbaru City in 2022. This study used an analytical observational study design with a cross sectional design. The sampling technique is Quota Sampling with a sample size of 110 respondents. Data analysis was performed univariately. The results of this study are that most of the respondents are willing to receive the COVID-19 Booster Vaccination, namely 91 people (82.7%). In addition, the results also showed that the most respondents had a low perceived susceptibility related to COVID-19 namely 43 people (39.1%), some respondents had a high perceived severity related to COVID-19 namely 55 people (50%), most respondents had a moderate perceived benefits related to COVID-19 Booster Vaccination namely 58 people (50.9%), and most respondents had a low perceived barriers related to COVID-19 Booster Vaccination safety namely 54 people (49.1%). The conclusion of this study is that the majority of respondents are willing to take part in the COVID-19 Vaccination Booster Program implemented by the Indonesian government.
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